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Microbial Genetics   Research Article

Differential expression of genes associated with low-level vancomycin resistance in Staphylococcus aureus

Authors: Auttawit Sirichoat, Viraphong Lulitanond, Sujintana Wongthong, Aroonwadee Chanawong, Ratree Tavichakorntrakool and Aroonlug Lulitanond

Heterogeneous vancomycin-intermediate Staphylococcus aureus (hVISA) and vancomycin-intermediate S. aureus (VISA) have been associated with treatment failure, and hVISA cannot be detected by routine disc diffusion test. Currently, there is no specific genetic marker for detection of these strains. The aim of the current study was to inves.. Read More»

Genet. Mol. Res. 18(2):
Medical Genetics   Research Article

Expression of HCN and sodium channels in murine model of Type I diabetes

Authors: Anantha Maharasi Rama Krishnan and Kavitha Sankaranarayanan

Pancreatic apoptosis is an important event in the pathogenesis of Type 1 Diabetes. It is characterized by secretion and binding of inflammatory cytokines to the pancreatic islets, that activate downstream signaling mechanism. These signaling mechanisms finally increase intracellular calcium level and that lead to the activation of apoptotic pathways. Ion .. Read More»

Genet. Mol. Res. 18(2):
Plant Genetics   Research Article

Dynamism of the breeding program for irrigated rice in Southeast Brazil

Authors: A.C. Silva Júnior, V.Q. Carneiro, I.G. Santos, W.G Costa, R.D.S. Rosado, C.D. Cruz and P.C. Soares

The estimation of the genotypic replacement rate is aimed at evaluating the performance of breeding programs. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the dynamics of the genetic improvement program of flooded rice, developed in Minas Gerais, during the period from 1993 to 2016. We evaluated 210 lines in three environments between 1993 and 2016, .. Read More»

Genet. Mol. Res. 18(2):
Animal Genetics   Research Article

Molecular insights of mitochondrial 16S rDNA genes of the native honey bees subspecies Apis mellifera carnica and Apis mellifera jementica (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Saudi Arabia

Authors: Reem Alajmi, Rewaida Abdel-Gaber, Loloa Alfozana

The honey bee Apis mellifera is of major importance for the world’s agriculture and is also suitable for environmental monitoring. It includes several recognized subspecies distinguished by using morphological and morphometric variants. Here, 200 adult worker Apis mellifera honey bees were collected from Hail region, Saudi Arabia. Mitochondrial 16S .. Read More»

Genet. Mol. Res. 18(3):
Plant Genetics   Research Article

Genetic variability in morphological characters among Fig tree accessions Fig genetic conservation

Authors: Maria Gabriela Fontanetti Rodrigues*, Laís Naiara Honorato Monteiro, Antonio Flávio Arruda Ferreira, Tatiane Paes Dos Santos, Bruno Ettore Pavan, Vitos Antônio Benites Neves, Aparecida Conceição Boliani

Fig is among the twenty main fruits exported by Brazil, which is the eighth largest producer of fig in natura in the world. The characterization of active germplasm banks (AGBs) of fig has thus become an important line of research, as it is necessary to gather information from this to carry out adequate management projects. The objective of this study was.. Read More»

Genet. Mol. Res. 17(4):
http://dx.doi.org/gmr16039931
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/gmr16039931
Animal Genetics   Research Article

Estimative of genetic diversity in germ-plasm of elephant grass using the Gower algorithm

Authors: A.K.F. Vidal, R.F. Daher, R.S. Freitas, W.F. Stida, B.R. da S. Menezes, A.V. Pereira, V.B. da Silva, F.D. Tardin and L.J. da S. de Oliveira

This work aimed at estimating the genetic divergence among 85 accessions of elephant-grass using the Gower algorithm for the joint study of quantitative and qualitative traits. The experiment was conducted in the city of Campos dos Goytacazes, Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil, with of 85 elephant-grass genotypes. It was applied a randomized block experimental.. Read More»

Genet. Mol. Res. 17(4):
http://dx.doi.org/gmr16039934
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/gmr16039934
Animal Genetics   Research Article

Genetic variants in exon 1 region of FABP3 gene in relation to milk production traits in Sahiwal and Karan Fries cattle

Authors: Alok Kumar Yadav and Anupama Mukherjee

The present study pertained to records on milk production and milk constituents of 100 Sahiwal cattle and 115 Karan Fries cattle, the data collected over a period of 2004 to 2016 from Animal Genetics and Breeding division from ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal, Haryana. In Sahiwal SNP at position G649C was found to be highly associated with F.. Read More»

Genet. Mol. Res. 17(4):
http://dx.doi.org/gmr16039928
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/gmr16039928
Plant Genetics   Research Article

Analysis of the molecular diversity of R. solani isolates from five Ugandan agro-ecological zones using inter - simple sequence repeat markers

Authors: A.S. Male , F. Kato, P. Paparu and C.M. Mukankusi

This study used seven inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers to characterize 55 R. solani isolates in order to establish their genetic diversity. The isolates were from five common bean growing agro-ecological zones of Uganda; the Southwest highlands (SW), Lake Victoria crescent and Mbale farmlands (LVC), Teso farming system (TFS), the Northern mixed.. Read More»

Genet. Mol. Res. 17(4):
http://dx.doi.org/gmr16039927
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/gmr16039927
Plant Genetics   Research Article

Genetic damage in Mexican and South American sweet corn varieties due to the use of herbicides (Nicosulfuron and Topramezone)

Authors: M.S. Reynoso, C.M. Alvarez, L.L. De la Cruz, J.F.G. Landeros, J.J.G. Sánchez, A.R.A. Villalobos

In order to encourage corn production, several herbicides such as nicosulfuron and topramezone are used. Though they offer great advantages, they may affect crop productivity and may even induce DNA damage. This study evaluated genotoxic activity at two nicosulfuron concentrations (40,000 and 80, 000 ppm) and at four topramezone concentrations (1480, 148,.. Read More»

Genet. Mol. Res. 17(4):
http://dx.doi.org/gmr16039921
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/gmr16039921
Plant Genetics   Research Article

Genetic diversity and population structure of ancient Platycladus orientalis (Cupressaceae) in the Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor revealed by SSR

Authors: Yao Xu1, Jiantao Zhao, Sheng Zhang, Zhong Zhao

Ancient trees can serve as genetic reservoirs for special genes, and they are of significance in genetic applications dealing with forest fragmentation, climate change and drought. The Mausoleum of the Yellow Emperor in Shaanxi China has the largest number of ancient Platycladus orientalis trees. Here, Simple sequence repeat (SSR) technique was used to st.. Read More»

Genet. Mol. Res. 17(4):
http://dx.doi.org/gmr16039924
DOI:
http://dx.doi.org/10.4238/gmr16039924