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Monocyte/macrophage β2-AR as a target of antisympathetic excitation-induced atherosclerotic progression

Author(s): Y.L. Guo, J.Q. Zhou, C.Q. Xiang, W.H. Yang, B. Zhang, W.J. Dai, J.H. Liu and S.J. Zheng

The aim of this study was to determine whether monocyte/macrophage β2-AR could act as the therapeutic target of antisympathetic excitation-induced atherosclerotic progression. Cultivated human THP-1 cells were divided into different groups and incubated with isoprenaline, metoprolol, propranolol or β2-AR blocker for 24 h, together with oxidized low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL). Afterwards, each group was analyzed for C-C chemokine receptor type 2 (CCR2) expression, monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1) release into medium and cell migration ability. In the isoprenaline group, CCR2 protein level was increased, as well as the secretion of MCP-1, and cell motility was enhanced, in a concentration-dependent manner. Propranolol and ICI 118,551 significantly reversed the stimulatory effect of isoprenaline on THP-1 cells induced by ox-LDL, but only high concentrations of metoprolol interfered significantly with the action of isoprenaline (P < 0.05). Isoprenaline or a β-AR blocker could mediate through β2-AR, affecting MCP-1 secretion, CCR2 protein expression and cell migration capacity of THP-1 cells.