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Interleukin-1β +3954 polymorphisms and risk of external apical root resorption in orthodontic treatment: A meta-analysis

Author(s): F.-L. Wu, L.-Y. Wang, Y.-Q Huang, W.-B. Guo, C.-D. Liu and S.-G. Li

The purpose of this meta-analysis was to determine whether genetic variants of the interleukin-1β[+3954 C>T (rs1143634)] (IL-1β +3954 C>T) gene polymorphisms were associated with orthodontic external apical root resorption (EARR). A meta-analysis was carried out using data entered into the PubMed and Embase electronic databases before October 5, 2012. A total of 7 studies were identified for meta-analysis. The strength of the relationship between IL-1β +3954 C>T polymorphism and the risk of EARR was assessed using odds ratio (OR). The studies provided overall OR estimates for EARR. Overall, the variant genotypes (CC and CT) of the IL-1β +3954 C>T polymorphism were unassociated with EARR risk compared withthe TT homozygote [CC vs TT, OR = 1.28, 95% confidence interval (95%CI) = 0.27-6.08; CT vs TT, OR = 0.74, 95%CI = 0.11-5.02]. Similarly, no associations were found in the dominant and recessive models (dominant model, OR = 1.08, 95%CI = 0.24-4.86; recessive model, OR = 1.85, 95%CI = 0.87-3.93). No publication bias was found, and no association was apparent between the IL-1β +3954 C>T polymorphism and risk of EARR in orthodontic treatment patients. Further multicenter and better-controlled studies are required to confirm these findings.