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Evaluation of castor bean genotypes sown in winter and summer at a low altitude

Author(s): G.E.M. Lopes, H.D. Vieira and F.L. Partelli

Current demands for the genetic breeding of castor bean include the adaptation of genotypes to low altitudes to expand the potential areas of cultivation. This study was conducted to evaluate the response of different genotypes of castor bean that were sown in winter and summer at a low altitude. The study was conducted in northwestern Rio de Janeiro State at an altitude of 60 m. The treatments consisted of genotypes IAC 80, AL Guarany 2002, BRS 149 Nordestina, BRS 188 Paraguaçu, Savana, Lyra, Mirante 10, IAC 226, Cafelista, G1, V1, and T1 with spaces of 2.0 m between rows, 1.0 m between plants, and one plant per hole. The plant height, number and length of racemes, number of fruits per raceme, seed yield, and incidence of gray mold were determined. The highest yields in both seasons were obtained by the genotypes BRS 149 Nordestina, G1, BRS 188 Paraguaçu, and IAC 226. The genotypes Savannah and Lyra had the lowest yields in both cultivation seasons. The genotypes responded differently to the environmental conditions depending on the growing season, and the spring-summer period was found to be more favorable at the low altitude of the study site.