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Clinical features of Mexican patients with Mucopolysaccharidosis type I

Author(s): A. Alonzo-Rojo, J.E. García-Ortiz, M. Ortiz-Aranda, M.P. Gallegos-Arreola and L.E. Figuera-Villanueva

Mucopolysaccharidosis type I (MPS-I) is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disorder caused by a deficiency or absence of α-l-iduronidase, which is involved in the catabolism of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). This deficiency leads to the accumulation of GAGs in several organs. Given the wide spectrum of the disease, MPS-I has historically been classified into 3 clinical subtypes - severe (Hurler syndrome), intermediate (Hurler-Scheie syndrome), and mild (Scheie syndrome) - none of which is determined by residual enzyme activity. Eleven Mexican patients with MPS-I from northwestern México were evaluated. Diagnoses were confirmed through quantification of GAGs in urine and enzyme assay for α-l-iduronidase. Regardless of phenotype, all patients had various degrees of infiltrated facies, short stature, dysostosis multiplex, joint contractures, and corneal opacity typical of the disease. A better understanding of the spectrum of this disease can assist in diagnosis, treatment, and improvement in the quality of life for these patients.