All submissions of the EM system will be redirected to Online Manuscript Submission System. Authors are requested to submit articles directly to Online Manuscript Submission System of respective journal.

Association of BRCA2 variants with cardiovascular disease in Saudi Arabia

Author(s): M. Alanazi, N.P. Reddy, J.P. Shaik, S.A. Ajaj, A.A.A. Jafari, H. Saeed, Z. Khan and A.P. Khan

Abnormalities in the breast cancer tumor suppressor genes (BRCA1 and BRCA2) are associated with breast and ovarian cancer. Recently, two single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs11571836 and rs1799943) were identified, both located in untranslated regions of chromosome 13, associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) in a multi-ethnic population. We examined the association between these BRCA2 polymorphisms and traits of CVD patients from Saudi Arabia. We genotyped rs11571836 and rs1799943 in 159 unrelated CVD patients and 176 healthy controls. The genotype and allele distributions in the overall population revealed a statistically significant association between rs1799943 and CVD (P = 0.01-0.022), whereas no risk association was identified for rs11571836. Additionally, haplotype analysis using both SNPs demonstrated no association between the SNPs and CVD. The genotype distribution of the 2 SNPs in the normal Saudi population deviated significantly (P < 0.000001) from that of the 6 different HapMap populations (CEU, CHB-Han, JPT, YRI, GIH, and MKK), except for the JPT population for rs1799943. This is the first study to examine the association between these SNPs and CVD in a Saudi population. Our results suggest that the increased health risk associated with the rs11571836 genotype is specific to male patients suffering from CVD. Stratification of patients and controls based on gender revealed no association between rs1799943 and the risk of CVD in either gender. These SNPs should be evaluated in larger cohorts in different populations to determine their suitability as screening markers for predicting CVD risk earlier in life to implement necessary preventive measures.